Non-violence and peace-building

Islam is a religion of peace. Contemporary instances of Muslims resorting to violence in the name of their religion is, according to Maulana Wahiduddin Khan, in complete contrast to Islamic teachings. In the book Non-Violence and Peace-Building in Islam he presents the approach to conflict-prevention, conflict-resolution and peace-building outlined in the Quran and the life of the Prophet. A common thread running through these essays is the assertion that one should differentiate between Islam and Muslims: one should judge Muslims in the light of Islamic teachings and not vice versa.

Islam In History

In this book Maulana Wahiduddin Khan explains the role of Islam in history. Elaborating on the issue, he writes that in the wake of the revolution in the first phase of Islam, religious freedom took a decisive course in history, spurred on in the initial stages by Muslim action. And in later stages it was activated by the participation of non-Muslim nations.

Islamic Activism

Addressing Prophet Muhammad the Quran enjoins: “Therefore, bear up patiently as did the steadfast apostles before you. Bear up with patience and do not seek to hurry on their doom.” (46:35) This lays the basic principle of Islamic activism: showing restraint in adverse situations and refraining from negative reaction and retaliation and planning one’s actions on the basis of realism. This is called Islamic activism or positive activism. It is when one tries to discover opportunities and avails them, without interfering with the prevailing state of affairs.

The Shariah and Its Application

According to the Quran, there are two major parts of Islam—religion (din) and the law (Shariah). Din or al-din is basic and absolute, always remaining the same, without the slightest change. It is obligatory for all believers, whatever the circumstances, and entails belief in the One God, and the worship of Him alone. The Shariah, on the other hand, may differ, depending upon times and places. That task in reality is not synonymous with bringing about a change in the shariah but it is only a reapplication of the shariah in terms of altered circumstances.