Peace in Islam

Positive Status Quoism

One very important principle of the Prophet's policy was positive status quoism, that is, accepting the prevailing situation. However, the status quoism of the Prophet did not simply mean to accept the extant sets of circumstances for all time. It meant rather carving out a path for oneself by adopting a non-¬confrontational policy within the existing set-up. Far from leading to a state of inertia, this was a planned course of action.

Sunnah Hudaybiya

After the Prophet of Islam received prophethood he worked to propagate the message of monotheism for the initial period of thirteen years in Makkah. Makkah was his hometown, but the Makkans turned his direst enemies. They inflicted all sorts of persecution upon him and ultimately they decided to kill him in order to remove him from their path. At this juncture the Prophet and his companions left Makkah for Madinah at the command of God. This amounted to being exiled, for, apparently, there was no hope of the Makkan people ever letting him enter Makkah again.

Political Insurrection Unlawful

After the period of the pious Caliphate, corruption set in in the Muslim rulers. Still the religious scholars did not rise in revolt against the rulers, scrupulously avoiding any confrontation. They continued to expend their efforts in non-political fields. This was not simply a matter of chance but the adoption of a policy based on the clear injunctions of the shariah. As we know, books of Hadith record the traditions in detail under chapters like al-Fitan (Trial).